This page was created and maintained by Dr. Chao-Hsien Chu at the School of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University, USA.He will continually update the page as his time permitted. Thanks for your visit. Mail your comments and suggestions to: chu@ist.psu.edu.

What is 5S?
Potential Benefits of 5S.
Guidelines for Practicing 5S.
Daily Examples of 5S.
Procedure for Implementing 5S.
Toolkits for 5S.
Companies that Practiced 5S.
5S in Japanese.
Reading List of 5S.

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Last Updated: September 24, 1996.


What is 5S?

5S, abbreviated from the Japanese words Seiri, Seiton, Seison, Seiketsu, and Shitsuke, are simple but effective methods to organize the workplace.

The 5S, translated into English are: housekeeping, workplace organization, cleanup, keep cleanliness, and discipline. They can be defined as follows:

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Potential Benefits of 5S

Implementing 5S methods in the plant would help the company to reduce waste hidden in the plant, improve the levels of quality and safety, reduce the lead time and cost, and thus, increase company's profit.

The potential benefits of 5S can be summarized by five English S or PQCDS:

Five English S:

PQCDS:

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Implementation Procedure of 5S

Depending on company's situation, the 5S can be implemented in different manners. However, many companies felt that the following PDCA procedure is quite effective:

  1. Organize the program committee. (PLAN)
  2. Develop a plan for each S. (PLAN)
  3. Publicly announcement the start of the program. (DO)
  4. Provide training and education to employees. (DO)
  5. Select a day and everybody cleanups his/her own working area. (DO)
  6. Select a day and everybody organizes his/her own workplace.(DO)
  7. Evaluate the results of 5S. (CHECK)
  8. Self-Examination and Take corrected actions. (ACTION)

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5S in Japanese

Although 5S have became so popular in Japan that many companies simply use 5S as the title of their program, some companies does post the original worlds of 5S in Japanese (Chinese) characters. They are:

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Reading List

The topic is more practical than theoretical oriented; therefore, you can only find related references from more practitioners-oriented books, magazines or newspapers. By the way, if you read Japanese, you may find tons of articles and examples from the Japanese Factory Management () Magazine.

Articles:

  1. Bounds, G., Shaw, A. and Gillard, J., "Partnering the Honda Way", in Bounds, G. M., Cases in Quality, Richard D. Irwin, 1996, pp. 26-56.

  2. Miki, S., "Promotional Expertise for the 5S Plus Movement", Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun (ed.), Visual Control Systems, Factory Management Series, Productivity press, Portland, OR, 1995, pp. 167-182.

  3. Nomizo, K., "Creating an All-New Plant Environment with the 6S's", Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun (ed.), Visual Control Systems, Factory Management Series, Productivity press, Portland, OR, 1995, pp. 153-165.

  4. Osada, T., "This is Why We Start a 5S Program", in Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun (ed.), Visual Control Systems, Factory Management Series, Productivity press, Portland, OR, 1995, pp. 131-151.

Books:

  1. Cheng, T.C. E. and Podolsky, S., Just-in-Time Manufacturing: An Introduction, Chapman & Hall, London, 1993. pp. 21-24.

  2. Harrison, A., Just-in-Time Manufacturing in Perspective, The Manufacturing Practitioner Series, Prentice Hall, 1992. pp. 113-123 (Chapter 5).

  3. Hirano, H., JIT Factory Revolution: A Pictorial Guide to Factory Design of the Future, Productivity Press, Portland, OR, 1987. pp. 28-56 (Chapter 3). ($50)

  4. Hirano, H., JIT Implementation Manual: The Complete Guide to Just-in-Time Manufacturing, Productivity Press, Portland, OR., pp. 227-374 (Chapter 4). ($975)

  5. Hirano, H., 5 Pillars of the Visual Workplace: The Sourcebook for 5S Implementation, Productivity Press, Portland, OR, 1995. ($85)

  6. Hirano, H. (Instructional Design by Melanie Rubin), 5S for Operators: 5 Pillars of the Visual Workplace, Productivity Press, Portland, OR, 1996. ($25)

  7. Kobayashi, I., 20 Keys to Workplace Improvement, Productivity Press, Portland, OR, 1995. (Key 1). ($50)

  8. Monden, Y., Toyota Production System: An Integrated Approach to Just-In-Time, Second Edition, Industrial Engineering and Management Press, Norcross, GA, 1993. pp. 199-219 (Chapter 13).

  9. Osada, T., 5S's: Five Keys to a Total Quality Control Environment, Asia Productivity Organization, Tokyo (distributed by Quality Resources, White Plains, NY), 1991.

Videos:

  1. 5S: Five Steps to Shaping up the Shop Floor, Productivity Press, Portland, OR. ($1,200)

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Mail your comments to: Dr. Chao-Hsien Chu chu@ist.psu.edu.